Sources for Indigenous Perspectives on and Contributions to Canadian Environmental Issues & Research  

(1) Texts   (2)  Indigenous Policies/Statements Regarding Traditional Knowledge  

(3)  Indigenous Knowledge and Western Scientific Practices (4) Journals 

(5) Research Portals & Resource Pages



(1) Texts 

American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays. Anne Waters (Blackwell Pub, 2004)

An Ethic of Mutual Respect:The Covenant Chain and Aboriginal-Crown Relations, Bruce Morito (UBC Press 2013)

First Nations, First Thoughts:The Impact of Indigenous Thought in Canada, ed. Annis May Timpson (UBC 2010)

Words That Come before All Else: Environmental Philosophies of the Haudenosaunee.  Haudenosaunee Environmental Task Force  (Native North American Travelling College 1992)

Indigenous Women and Feminism: Politics, Activism, Culture, ed. Cheryl Suzack, Shari M. Huhndorf, Jeanne Perreault and Jean Barman (UBC 2011)

Visioning a Mi'kmaw Humanities: Indigenizing the Academy, ed. Marie Battiste (Cape Breton University Press, 2017)

Philosophy and Aboriginal Rights: Critical Dialogues, ed. Sandra Tomsons and Lorraine Mayers (Oxford 2013) 

Principles of Tsawalk: An Indigenous Approach to Global Crisis, Umeek / E. Richard Atleo (UBC 2012)

Protecting Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage: A Global Challenge, Marie Battiste and James Youngblood (Sa'ke'j) Henderson (UBC 2000)

Radical Human Ecology: Intercultural and Indigenous Approaches, ed. Lewis Williams, Rose Roberts and Alistair McIntosh (Routledge, 2012)


Red Earth, White Lies: Native Americans and the Myth of Scientific Fact, Vine Deloria, jr.  (Scribner 1995)

Speaking for Ourselves: Environmental Justice in Canada, ed. Julian Agyeman, Peter Cole, Randolph Haluza-DeLay and Pat O'Riley (UBC 2010) 

Temagami's Tangled Wild: Race, Gender, and the Making of Canadian Nature, Jocelyn Thorpe (UBC 2012)

This Is Not a Peace Pipe: Towards a Critical Indigenous Philosophy, Dale Turner (Toronto 2006)

We Still Live Here: First Nations, Alberta Oil Sands, and Surviving Globalism, ed. Michael Hankard & John E. Charlton (J.Charleton, 2016)

(2) Indigenous Policies/Statements regarding Traditional Knowledge and Environmental Research (Sample statements providing definitions and discussions from around Canada)


Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nations Chiefs Secretariat, “The APCFNC Elders Project: Honouring Traditional Knowledge,” 2011 accessed at

Assembly of First Nations, “First Nations Ethics First Nations Ethics Guide on Research and Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge,” (2000) accessed at:

Assembly of Nova Scotia Mi’kmaq Chiefs, “Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study Protocol,” 2007, accessed at:

Chiefs of Ontario, “Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge and Source Water Protection First Nations' Views on Taking Care of Water accessed at 

Craft, D. "Anishinaabe Nibi Inaakonigewin Report: Reflecting the Water Laws Research Gathering Conducted with Anishinaabe Elders, June 20–23 2013 at Roseau River, Manitoba;" Centre for Human Rights Research (CHRR) and the Public Interest Law Centre (PILC): Winnipeg, MN, Canada, 2014; Available online: (accessed on 20 July 2017).


Deline First Nation 2005. Dené Ways of Respecting the Land and Animals. Final report on Traditional Knowledge and Natural Resource Management, July 2005

First Nation of Na-Cho Nyak Dun Heritage & Education Department, “First Nation of Na-Cho Nyak Dun Traditional Knowledge Policy,” 2008:

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami Submission to the Naylor Panel for Canada’s Fundamental Science Review, 2016, accessed at

Métis National Council, “Métis Traditional Environmental Knowledge,” accessed at

Native Women’s Association of Canada (NWAC), “Aboriginal Women and Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge (ATK): Input and Insight on Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge, 


(3) Indigenous Knowledge and Western Scientific Practices 

(Largely but not exclusively with a Canadian focus)

Agrawal Arun. Dismantling the Divide between Indigenous and Scientific knowledge. Development and Change 1995, 26(3):413–439.

Armstrong. Jeannette.

  • " Tmixwcentrism: The Syilx Environmental Ethic  "Keepers of the Green World: TEK and Sustainability.ed. Nelson, M. Shilling. (Cambridge University Press 2017)

  • "Oraliture: Sources of Syilx Knowledge. Special issue on Indigenous Knowledges (from the Conference "Indigenous Knowledges and Academic Discourses/ Les  savoirs inigènes et les discours scientifique/ Indigenes Wissen und akademische Diskurse: Grainau 2014.)  Zeitschrift für Kanada-Studien. (Grainau 2017)

  • “Syilx Water Perspectives: Valuing siwɬkʷ Knowledge in the Okanagan” (with Marlowe Sam) Okanagan Water Forum: From Knowledge to Forward Thinking. Four Points Sheraton, Kelowna BC. October 14, 2015 


Artelle, K. A., and  M. S. Adams  H. M. Bryan, C. T. Darimonta, J. (‘Cúagilákv) Houstye , W. G. (Dúqváísḷa) Houstyf , J. E. Moodyg ,* , M. F. Moody, D. (Muq’vas Glaw) Neaslossi, C. N. Serviceb, J. Walkusj "Decolonial Model of Environmental Management and Conservation: Insights from Indigenous-led Grizzly Bear Stewardship in the Great Bear Rainforest," ETHICS, POLICY & ENVIRONMENT  24#3 (2021) 283-323

Bang, Megan and Douglas Medin. "Cultural Processes in Science Education: Supporting the Navigation of Multiple Epistemologies." Science Education, 94#6 (2010) 1008-1026.


Berkes, F. , Sacred Ecology, 2nd ed. (New York: Routledge , 2008)


Berkes, Filkret (2009) Indigenous ways of knowing and the study of environmental change, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 39:4, 151-156

Battiste, M. (2005). “Indigenous knowledge: Foundations for First Nations." World Indigenous Nations Higher Education Consortium - WINHEC Journal, accessed:

Climate and Traditional Knowledges Workgroup (CTKW). 2014. Guidelines for Considering Traditional Knowledges in Climate Change Initiatives. 

Coté, Charlotte, "“Indigenizing” Food Sovereignty. Revitalizing Indigenous Food Practices and Ecological Knowledges in Canada and the United States," Humanities (2016)5, 57; doi:10.3390/h5030057

Johnson, Jay T and Brian Murton. "Re/Placing Native Science: Indigenous Voices in Contemporary Constructions of Nature." Geographical Research, 45#2 (2007) 121-129

Kim,  Eun-Ji Amy, Asghar, Anila, & Jordan, Steven, "A Critical Review of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) in Science Education," Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education (2017)  doi=10.1080/14926156.2017.1380866

Little Bear, Leroy. “Naturalizing Indigenous Knowledge,” Synthesis Paper. 2009. University of Saskatchewan, Aboriginal Education Research Centre, Saskatoon, Sask. and First Nations and Adult Higher Education Consortium, Calgary, Alta., accessed:

Martin, Keavy, “Are We Also Here for That?” Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit –Traditional Knowledge or Critical Theory? The Canadian Journal of Native Studies  29 (2009):183-202 


McGregor, Deborah. “Lessons for collaboration involving traditional knowledge and environmental governance in Ontario, Canada,” AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples 10 (2014) 


McGregor, Deborah. "Coming Full Circle: Indigenous Knowledge, Environment, and Our Future." American Indian Quarterly 28, no. 3/4 (2004): 385-410.

Reo, Nicholas J: "Invasive Species, Indigenous Stewards, and Vulnerability Discourse," American Indian Quarterly 41:3 (2017) 201-223. 


Reo, Nicholas James and Whyte, Kyle Powys, "Hunting and Morality as Elements of Traditional Ecological Knowledge," Human Ecology (2012) 40:15–27

Heather Pringle, “In the Land of Lost Gardens,” Hakai Magazine, June 6, 2017, accessed August 26, 2017,


Salmon, Enrique, "Kincentric Ecology: Indigenous Perceptions of the HumanNature Relationship, " Ecological Applications 10#5 (October 2000):1327-1332

Scott, Colin. “Science for the West, Myth for the Rest?” in The Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies Reader, ed. Harding, Sandra. (Duke University  Press 2011) 175-197.

Simpson, Leanne R.  "Anticolonial Strategies for the Recovery and Maintenance of Indigenous Knowledge." American Indian Quarterly 28, no. 3/4 (2004): 373-84.


Simpson, L.   Anishinaabe ways of knowing. In J. Oakes, R. Reiwe, S. Koolage, L. Simpson, & N. Schuster, eds., Aboriginal Health, Identity, and Resources (pp. 165-185). Winnipeg, MB: Departments of Native Studies and Zoology and Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Manitoba. (2000)

TallBear, Kim. "Indigenous Scientists Constitute Knowledge across Cultures of Expertise and Tradition: An Indigenous Standpoint Research Project." RE: MINDINGS: Co-Constituting Indigenous/Academic/Artistic Knowledges, edited by Johan Gärdebo, May-Britt Öhman, and Hiroshi Maryuama. Uppsala Multiethnic Papers 55. (Uppsala, 2014) 173-191 

Taitingfong, Riley  and Anika Ullah, “Empowering Indigenous Knowledge in  Deliberations  on  Gene  Editing  in  the  Wild,”  in  Gene  Editing  in  the  Wild: Shaping Decisions through Broad Public Deliberation, ed. Michael K. Gusmano  et  al.,  special  report,  Hastings  Center  Report  51,  no.  6  (2021):  S74-S84.


Tsosie, Rebecca. "Indigenous Peoples and Epistemic Injustice: Science, ethics, and human rights." Washington Law Review 87 (2012): 1133.


Turner, Nancy J et al. "Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Wisdom of Aboriginal Peoples in British Columbia." Ecological Applications, vol. 10, no. 5, 2000, pp. 1275-1287. 

Waters, Anne Schulherr. “Earthbound Sustainability in a Vast Universe: Red Lives Matter.Newsletter on Indigenous Philosophy (American Philosophical Association, 15 (2016) 7-16.

Mistry, Jayalaxshmi and Andrea Berardi. Bridging indigenous and scientific knowledge. Science: Vol. 352 (2016) 1274-1275


Whyte, Kyle Powys. “On the Role of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as a Collaborative Concept: a Philosophical Study.” Ecological Processes 2013 2:7.

Whyte, Kyle Powys, "The Ethics of Traditional Knowledge Exchange in Climate Change Initiatives," Earthzine  (2015)(

Whyte, Kyle Powys. “What Do Indigenous Knowledges Do for Indigenous Peoples?” (Forthcoming in "Keepers of the Green World: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Sustainability," edited by Melissa K. Nelson and Dan Shilling)

(4) Journals


Aboriginal Policy Studies


AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples

American Indian Quarterly

Ayaangwaamizin : international journal of indigenous philosophy


Canadian Journal Of Native Studies


NAIS (Journal of the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association)


Newsletter on Indigenous Philosophy (American Philosophical Association)

TranscUlturAl: A Journal of Translation and Cultural Studies  Special Issue:  Lost and Found in (Self-)Translation: From Colonial to Post-colonial Contexts



(5) Research Portals 


(BC) Coastal First Nations


Council of the Haida Nation,


First Nations and Indigenous Studies: Associations (UBC Library)

Indigenous Climate Action (ICA) (Resources page)

Indigenous Studies Portal (University of Saskatchewan Library)

Kyle Powys Whyte's webpage "Indigenous Climate Change & Climate Justice Teaching Materials & Advanced Bibliography"    

Native Perspectives on Sustainability: Voices from the Salmon Nation 


RAVEN Trust 


West Coast Environmental Law